Methods of teaching deaf and hearing-impaired children.
The education and learning of children with hearing impairments associated with a range of features and even difficulties that need to be addressed to parents. It is parents depends, what will get in the life of a child with hearing how a full and well-developed person he will become.
Without a doubt, it is a huge responsibility and parents need to start, first of all, answer the question – what is the method to educate their hard of hearing or deaf child?
The answer to this question involves a decision for himself just a number of different moments. Different methods require different degrees of participation in the education of children. So, it is possible to shift the education of the child in an institution such as the orphanage and to see the child only on weekends and during the holidays, but you can actually take all the training themselves, attracting teachers at home and visiting with the child various centers or even a regular school. It all depends on the opportunities and, of course, the wishes of their parents.
Gestural way of learning
Sign language is an independent language, which consists of a large number of gestures, each of which responds to the individual word. When talking in sign language uses the hands, lip movements, facial expressions and even whole body movement of the body. In sign language has its own vocabulary, some sentence structure. Most of the deaf to communicate using the sign language. One can often hear that learning the language puts an end to opportunities for a deaf child to learn it properly.
Dactylology, which is often mistaken for the language, uses the finger alphabet, where each letter of the alphabet responds with a hand gesture. Dactylology and the language – two completely different systems, to confuse which is fundamentally wrong.
Pure oral method involves training without the use of sign language, using speech and writing. The objective of this method was to achieve perfect speech, although the speech of the child and not heard. It was assumed that this will allow the child to adapt better and get great opportunities, at present, however, this technique causes a lot of debate.
In most cases, hard of hearing and deaf children educated in boarding schools, where they are provided with professional teachers according to specific procedures. Unfortunately, the circle of contacts in this case is severely limited.
Methodology I. E. Leonhard.
The technique Leonhard was developed in the 60-ies of the last century. The authors emphasized the importance of family education of hearing-impaired and deaf children and offered to the parents, ready to take over the education of the deaf child, to try yourself in the role of teachers.
Specially designed tool for parents, creation of special speech environment, the use of hearing AIDS, the development of auditory-visual speech perception, communication skills enable children with hearing impairments to adapt perfectly in a normal environment and to attend regular kindergartens and schools, often even in mixed groups, where students simultaneously hearing children and hearing impaired.
The technique involves ongoing work with the teacher, but the basic task of teaching the child’s parents perform, the teacher conducts a General correction and control. Not every family was able to fully work on this technique, but the results of teaching children with hearing problems by methods Leonhard is really amazing.
Bilingualism bilingualism refers, i.e. the knowledge of the two languages. In the case of the hearing-impaired verbal and written communication and sign language. While using bilingual method, both languages are used in communication and training on equal rights at the request of the child. Despite its relative newness of this method, studies showed its high efficiency.
The choice is up to the parents
The choice of teaching method primarily depends on the parents and their abilities. If the parents can’t deal with the child at home and are forced to give it to the care of specialists at the boarding school for the hearing impaired, they will automatically take the approach that is practiced in the selected boarding school.
We cannot deny the fact that the choice of the parents depends on the child’s future and its possibilities in adult life, and therefore to take a decision only after weighing all the “for” and “against” and more acquainted with each of the techniques.